General US Stats

Egg Industry Fact Sheet
Revised June 2015

United States shell egg production totaled 8.00 billion during May 2015, down 5 percent from last year1.

Table egg flock size on on May 1, 2015, was 296 million layers. As of June 1, 2015, the table egg flock dropped to 270 million layers due to the avian influenza outbreaks. Rate of lay per day on May 1, 2015, averaged 78.4 eggs per 100 layers1.

The five largest egg producing states represent approximately 49 % of all U.S. layers1.

Currently, the top ten egg producing states (ranked by number of layers represented in thousands) are2.

  1. 1. Iowa – 54,876
  2. 2. Ohio – 30,826
  3. 3. Indiana – 25,204
  4. 4. Pennsylvania – 23,559
  5. 5. Texas – 14,845

  6. 6. California – 12,733
  7. 7. Michigan – 12,457
  8. 8. Minnesota – 11,175
  9. 9. Georgia – 9,785
  10. 10. Nebraska – 9,353

To date, there are approximately 182 egg producing companies with flocks of 75,000 hens or more. These companies represent about 99 percent of all the layers in the United States. In 1994, there were around 350 companies with flocks of 75,000 hens or more3.

Presently, there are approximately 63 egg producing companies with 1 million-plus layers that represents approximately 86 percent of total production and 17 companies with greater than 5 million layers3

As of March 2015, organic and cage-free shell egg production accounted for 6.4% of the current table egg layer flock (19.2 million hens). Of this, 3.2% are organic (9.6 million hens) and 3.2% are cage-free (9.6 million hens)4

Per capita consumption is a measure of total egg production, less exports, divided by the total population. It does not represent demand2. (USDA has recently adjusted data to reflect 2000 Census figures)

199819992000200120022003
239.7249.8251.7252.8255.9254.7
200420052006200720082009
257.1255.4258.1251.7248.3248.4
20102011201220132014
249.3250.0254.2255.1 263.0


USDA’s Per Capita Consumption figures show egg consumption at the highest in 30 years. The egg industry has added nearly 9 eggs per person in consumption over the last two years.

Of the 242.0 million cases (estimated) of shell eggs produced in 2014:

    • 76.0 million cases (31.5%) were further processed (for foodservice, manufacturing, retail and export);
    • 132.5 million cases (54.9%) went to retail;
    • 21.7 million cases (9.0%) went for foodservice use; and
    • 11.3 million cases (4.7%) were exported.

In 2014, the United States set another record and exported a total of 352.65 million dozen eggs, which includes shell eggs, plus processed egg products in shell egg equivalents – a 1% increase since 20135.

Table egg export quantity for the first 2 months of 2015 was 29.58 million dozen, up 30 percent year–over–year, export value reached $31.0 million, up 30 percent. Exports of U.S. egg products for the first 2 months of 2015 were 8,727 metric tons (MT) valued at $23.1 million, down 9 and 11 percent year–over–year, respectively5.


1. The National Agricultural Statistics Service’s Chicken & Eggs’ Report, USDA. 2.The World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates Report (WASDE), USDA. 3. American Egg Board. 4. USDA Poultry Market News & Analysis 5. USAPEEC.