General US Stats

Egg Industry Fact Sheet
Revised July 2014

United States shell egg production totaled 8.24 billion during May 2014, up 3 percent from last year1.

Table egg flock size on June 1, 2014, was 296 million layers. Rate of lay per day on June 1, 2014, averaged 74.9 eggs per 100 layers, down slightly from last year1.

The five largest egg producing states represent approximately 51 % of all U.S. layers1.

Presently, there are approximately 60 egg producing companies with 1 million-plus layers that represents approximately 87 percent of total production and 17 companies with greater than 5 million layers2.

To date, there are approximately 177 egg producing companies with flocks of 75,000 hens or more. These companies represent about 99 percent of all the layers in the United States.** In 1994, there were around 350 companies with flocks of 75,000 hens or more2.

As of May 2014, organic and cage-free shell egg production accounted for 5.7% of the current table egg layer flock (16.6 million hens).  Of this, 2.8% are organic (8.1M hens) and 2.9% are cage-free (8.5M), according to the USDA Poultry Market News & Analysis

Per capita consumption is a measure of total egg production divided by the total population. It does not represent demand3. (USDA has recently adjusted data to reflect 2000 Census figures)

199819992000200120022003
239.7249.8251.7252.8255.9254.7
200420052006200720082009
257.1255.4258.1251.7248.3 248.4
20102011 2012 2013 2014 2015
247.9 247.9 250.8 251.3 (est.) 256.0 (est.) 257.1 (est.)


USDA’s Per Capita Consumption figures show egg consumption as the highest in 7 years. The egg industry has added nearly 4 eggs per person in consumption over the last two years. Plus, USDA is projecting another strong increase in 2014 to nearly 255 eggs per person.

Currently, the top ten egg producing states (ranked by number of layers represented in thousands) are3:

1- Iowa 53,4866 - Texas 14,800
2 - Ohio 29,9477 - Michigan 12,632
3 - Indiana 26,45718 - Minnesota 10,181
4 - Pennsylvania 23,498 9 - Georgia 9,600
5 - California 15,75110 - Nebraska 9,338

Of the 229.0 million cases (estimated) of shell eggs produced in 2013:

    • 73.3 million cases (32.0%) were further processed (for food service, manufacturing, retail and export);
    • 122.1 million cases (53.3%) went to retail;
    • 22.9 million cases (10.0%) went for foodservice use; and
    • 10.7 million cases (4.7%) were exported.

In 2013, the United States exported 349 million dozen eggs — a 27.4% increase since 20124.


1. The National Agricultural Statistics Service’s Chicken & Eggs’ Report, typically pages 1 and 9, produced by USDA. 2. Confidential records from the American Egg Board. 3. The World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates Report (WASDE), WADSE – 529 – 33, produced by USDA. Per Capita Consumption is a measure of total egg production, less exports, plus imports, divided by total population. It doesn’t represent demand. 4. Includes shell eggs, plus processed egg products in shell egg equivalents, USAPEEC. All Figures Updated 6.24.14, except for yearend figures