General US Stats

Egg Industry Fact Sheet
Revised October 2017

United States shell egg production totaled 7.55 billion during April 2017. 1.

Table egg flock size on May 1, 2017, was 313 million layers. Rate of lay per day on May 1, 2017, averaged 76.7 eggs per 100 layers, up 1% from May 1, 20161.

The five largest egg producing states represent approximately 52% of all U.S. hens.1

Currently, the top ten egg producing states (ranked by number of hens represented in thousands) are:1.

  1. 1. Iowa – 53,408
  2. 2. Indiana – 31,967
  3. 3. Ohio – 29,667
  4. 4. Pennsylvania – 25,670
  5. 5. Texas – 17,330

  6. 6. Michigan – 14,023
  7. 7. California – 11,824
  8. 8. Minnesota – 9,984
  9. 9. Georgia – 9,408
  10. 10. Nebraska – 8,146

To date, there are approximately 201 egg producing companies with flocks of 75,000 hens. These companies represent about 99 percent of all the hens in the United States2. In 1994, there were around 350 companies with flocks of 75,000 hens or more3.

Presently, there are approximately 63 egg producing companies with 1 million-plus hens that represents approximately 86 percent of total production and 15 companies with greater than 5 million layers3

As of May 2017, organic and cage-free shell egg production accounted for 13.2% of the current table egg layer flock (41.2 million hens). Of this, 4.7% are organic (14.6 million hens) and 8.5% are cage-free (26.6 million hens)5

Per capita consumption is a measure of total egg production, less exports, divided by the total population. It does not represent demand3.

199819992000200120022003
239.7249.8251.7252.8255.9254.7
200420052006200720082009
257.1255.4258.1251.7248.3248.4
201020112012201320142015
249.3250.0254.2258.6 266.6 252.9



1. The National Agricultural Statistics Service’s Chicken & Eggs’ Report, USDA. 2. Confidential records from the American Egg Board. 3. The World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates Report (WASDE), USDA. 4. According to U.S. egg industry statistical, and Projections Reports from the Egg Industry Center. 5. USDA Cage-Free Shell Egg Report.