General US Stats

Egg Industry Fact Sheet
Revised May 2016

In 2015, United States table egg production totaled 83 billion, down 6 percent from 2014. The average eggs per layer was 276. 1.

Table egg flock size on December 1, 2015, was 288 million layers, down 8 percent from December 1, 2014. Rate of lay per day on December 1, 2015, averaged 78.2 eggs per 100 layers1.

The five largest table egg producing states represent approximately 40% of all U.S. layers1.

Currently, the top ten egg (table and hatching) producing states (ranked by number of layers represented in thousands) are2.

  1. 1. Iowa – 45,459
  2. 2. Ohio – 32,604
  3. 3. Indiana – 28,437
  4. 4. Pennsylvania – 25,841
  5. 5. Texas – 19,302

  6. 6. Georgia – 18,773
  7. 7. North Carolina – 14,459
  8. 8. Arkansas – 13,375
  9. 9. Michigan – 12,951
  10. 10. California – 11,870

To date, there are approximately 186 egg producing companies with flocks of 75,000 hens or more. These companies represent about 99 percent of all the layers in the United States. In 1994, there were around 350 companies with flocks of 75,000 hens or more3.

Presently, there are approximately 63 egg producing companies with 1 million-plus layers that represents approximately 86 percent of total production and 17 companies with greater than 5 million layers3

As of April 2016, organic and cage-free shell egg production accounted for 9.9% of the current table egg layer flock (30.0 million hens). Of this, 4.5% are organic (13.5 million hens) and 5.5% are cage-free (16.6 million hens)4

Per capita consumption is a measure of total egg production, less exports, divided by the total population. It does not represent demand2. (USDA has recently adjusted data to reflect 2000 Census figures)

199819992000200120022003
239.7249.8251.7252.8255.9254.7
200420052006200720082009
257.1255.4258.1251.7248.3248.4
201020112012201320142015
249.3250.0254.2255.1 263.0 252.9*

* reflects decline in production due to highly pathogenic avian influenza.



Of the 231.0 million cases (estimated) of shell eggs produced in 2015:

    • 69.0 million cases (30.0%) were further processed (for foodservice, manufacturing, retail and export);
    • 133.0 million cases (57.6%) went to retail;
    • 20.8 million cases (9.0%) went for foodservice use; and
    • 7.8 million cases (3.4%) were exported.

Thanks in part to a strong first quarter, cumulative January-June table egg exports rose by 4.5 percent to 83.22 million dozen and value jumped by 16.1 percent to $101.14 million5.

The cumulative first-half export value of egg products fell by 13.9 percent to $62.82 million. The US egg product volume was 21,921 metric tons, down by 20.9 percent from the same period a year ago5.


1. The National Agricultural Statistics Service’s Chicken & Eggs’ Report, USDA. 2.The World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates Report (WASDE), USDA. 3. American Egg Board. 4. USDA Poultry Market News & Analysis 5. USAPEEC.