General US Stats

Egg Industry Fact Sheet
Revised June 2012

• Per capita consumption is a measure of total egg production divided by the total population.
It does not represent demand (USDA has recently adjusted data to reflect 2000 Census figures.)

199819992000200120022003
239.7249.8251.7252.8255.9254.7
200420052006200720082009
257.1255.4258.1251.7248.3 248.4
20102011 2012
247.9 247.7248.9 (est.)


• Currently, the top ten egg producing states (ranked by number of layers represented in thousands) are:

1- Iowa 52,3026 - Texas 13,628
2 - Ohio 26,9047 - Michigan 10,326
3 - Pennsylvania 24,3928 - Minnesota 9,883
4 - Indiana 22,8259 - Nebraska 9,271
5 - California 18,87610 - Florida 9,232

• The five largest egg producing states represent approximately 50% of all U.S. layers.

• U.S. egg production during April 2012 was 6.54 billion table eggs, which is down slightly from last April's 6.56 billion table eggs.

• Presently, there are 61 egg producing companies with 1 million plus layers that represents approximately 87% of the total production and 16 companies with greater than 5 million layers.

• To date, there are approximately 179 egg producing companies with flocks of 75,000 hens or more. These companies represent about 95% of all the layers in the United States. In 1987, there were around 2,500 operations.** It does not represent demand (USDA has recently adjusted data to reflect 2000 Census figures).

• As of March 2012, cage-free production is 5.7 percent of the total U.S. flock size. Of this, 2.9% is organic and 2.8% is other.

• In 2011, the average number of egg-type laying hens in the U.S. was 281 million. Flock size for May 1, 2012, was 283 million layers, increasing from last year's 281. Rate of lay per day on May 1, 2012 averaged 73.6 eggs per 100 layers, up 1% from last year.

Of the 219.54 million cases (estimated) of shell eggs produced in 2011: 69.7 million cases (31.7%) were further processed (for foodservice, manufacturing, retail and export); 125 million cases (56.9%) went on to retail; 17.56 million cases (8.0%) went for foodservices use; and 7.3 million (3.3%) were exported.

• Exports of processed egg products for the first quarter of 2012 set a year-on-year record at $31.97 million, up 22.1% from the same period a year earlier, thanks largely to increase exports to EU-27, Mexico, Taiwan, and Canada. Table eggs export during the period were 20.89 million dozen value at $19.35 million, up 31.2% and 42.1% year on year, respectively.

• Exports of processed egg products to Japan, the single most important export market for the U.S. egg products, decreased 7.7 percent year on year to $11.84 million, accounting for 37.0% of U.S. total export value worldwide. Exports to the EU-27 were $10.26 million, up 121.4% from the same period in 2011. Exports to Canada increased 16.7% to $1.54 million. Sales to Mexico reached $1.47 million, an increase of 174.4 year on year. Exports to south Korea decreased 30.4% to $1.16 million. Export sales to these top five markets were $26.29 or 82.3% of U.S. total sales worldwide. • Table egg exports to Hong Kong, the top market for U.S. table eggs, reached 9.51 million dozen, an increase of 24.9% from the same period earlier. Exports to Canada, United Arab Emirates, Bahamas, 0.54 million dozen, Netherlands Antilles and Hong Kong totaled 17.20 million dozen, accounting for 82.3% of U.S. total exports worldwide.


Source: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, **American Egg Board, ***USAPEEC
Last Updated 6-01-12