General US Stats

Egg Industry Fact Sheet
Revised November 2014

United States shell egg production totaled 8.44 billion during October 2014, up 2 percent from last year1.

Table egg flock size on October 1, 2014, was 303 million layers. Rate of lay per day on October 1, 2014, averaged 77.4 eggs per 100 layers1.

The five largest egg producing states represent approximately 51 % of all U.S. layers1.

Currently, the top ten egg producing states (ranked by number of layers represented in thousands) are2.

  1. 1. Iowa – 58,100
  2. 2. Ohio – 29,733
  3. 3. Indiana – 26,629
  4. 4. Pennsylvania – 24,089
  5. 5. California – 15,234

  6. 6. Texas – 14,760
  7. 7. Michigan – 12,688
  8. 8. Minnesota – 10,583
  9. 9. Georgia – 9,550
  10. 10. Nebraska – 9,342

To date, there are approximately 171 egg producing companies with flocks of 75,000 hens or more. These companies represent about 99 percent of all the layers in the United States. In 1994, there were around 350 companies with flocks of 75,000 hens or more3.

Presently, there are approximately 64 egg producing companies with 1 million-plus layers that represents approximately 87 percent of total production and 17 companies with greater than 5 million layers3

As of May 2014, organic and cage-free shell egg production accounted for 5.7% of the current table egg layer flock (16.6 million hens). Of this, 2.8% are organic (8.1million hens) and 2.9% are cage-free (8.5 million hens)4

Per capita consumption is a measure of total egg production, less exports, divided by the total population. It does not represent demand2. (USDA has recently adjusted data to reflect 2000 Census figures)

199819992000200120022003
239.7249.8251.7252.8255.9254.7
200420052006200720082009
257.1255.4258.1251.7248.3 248.4
20102011 2012 2013 2014
249.3 250.0 254.2 255.1 261.1 (est.)


USDA’s Per Capita Consumption figures show egg consumption as the highest in 7 years. The egg industry has added nearly 7 eggs per person in consumption over the last two years.

Of the 229.0 million cases (estimated) of shell eggs produced in 2013:

    • 73.3 million cases (32.0%) were further processed (for foodservice, manufacturing, retail and export);
    • 122.1 million cases (53.3%) went to retail;
    • 22.9 million cases (10.0%) went for foodservice use; and
    • 10.7 million cases (4.7%) were exported.

In 2013, the United States exported a total of 349 million dozen eggs, which includes shell eggs, plus processed egg products in shell egg equivalents – a 27.4% increase since 20125.

• Exports of processed egg products for the first three months of 2014 were 14,145 metric tons (MT) valued at $38.26 million, up 33.3 and 21.7 percent year-on-year, respectively. Table egg export quantity was 34.84 million dozen, up 6.4 percent year-over-year, export value reached $37.21 million, 20.6 percent5.


1. The National Agricultural Statistics Service’s Chicken & Eggs’ Report, USDA. 2.The World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates Report (WASDE), USDA. 3. American Egg Board. 4. USDA Poultry Market News & Analysis 5. USAPEEC.